In this book, Daniel Goleman shares a review of the emotional intelligence concept.

The relationship between stress and performance has been known for about a century in psychology. It’s called the Yerkes-Dodson Law.

The relationship of stress to performance, captured in the Yerkes-Dodson Law, shows that boredom and disengagement trigger too little of the stress hormones secreted by the HPA axis – and performance lags. As we get more motivated and engaged, “good stress” brings us to the optimal zone, where we perform at our best. If the challenges get too great and we become overwhelmed, we go into the zone of burnout, where stress hormone levels get too high and hamper performance.

 

About Social Emotional Learning or SEL :

But the big surprise in the payoff for social and emotional learning: academic achievement scores go up eleven percent. Why would that be? I suspect it has to do in large part with how HPA axis arousal interferes with cognitive efficiency and learning. If you are a kid who’s preoccupied by worry, anger, distress, anxiety, or whatever stress causes in you, you’re going to have a diminished capacity to pay attention to what the teacher is telling you. But if you can manage those emotional upsets, your working memory – that is, the capacity of attention to take in information – increases. And SEL teaches you how to manage these disruptive feelings – not just through lessons like the stop light, but through learning how to get along better with other kids (a major source of those turbulent feelings). And that lets you be a better learner.
And of course if you’re an adult at work, this identical skill set will make you a better performer. And it’s never too late to develop further strengths in emotional intelligence.